Python and Ruby have become the best programming language options for the development of websites, web applications and web services.
In fact, the two languages share many similarities--both provide high-level, object-oriented coding mechanisms, interactive shells, standard libraries, and persistence support. However, due to their different historical origins, there are huge differences in grammar and problem-solving thinking.
As for which language to choose, it depends on the actual situation. After all, each language has advantages and disadvantages, and it is most important to suit yourself.
Python vs. Ruby
Python originally originated from the scientific field and can be easily translated into C ++ form when used with proper prototyping. In addition, Python has a long history in the field of web development. Ruby was designed for web development from the beginning, and the Rails framework further expands Ruby's ability to develop complex websites.
Which programming language is best for your needs? Here we will quickly determine from several aspects:
The only best way to approach human language
Python uses a direct approach to programming, and its main goal is to present everything to the programmer as explicitly as possible. In Python, there is only one "best way" for each task. This thinking gives it a rigorous layout.
The core philosophy of Python includes three key hierarchical principles:
Explicit is better than recessive simple is better than complex complex is more complicated
This means that Python is easy to learn and its code is easy to read, making it suitable for novice programmers. In addition, its grammar is very simple and rarely requires learners to memorize. The clear code structure also makes it easy for developers to understand where the elements come from, which simplifies debugging.
This hierarchical principle of Python is reflected in all aspects. Its use of white space for flow control has also become the main manifestation of its syntax that is different from most other languages. The way the code is indented determines its operational meaning-this use of the "blank" mechanism expresses the "clear" philosophy that Python insists on.
Compared to Python, Ruby focuses on "human language" programming, and its code is closer to natural language than machine language in terms of reading experience. Ruby follows the "best fit" principle and offers countless ways to achieve the same effect. In addition, similar methods can have multiple names, which makes many developers have a huge trouble in learning.
Unlike Python, Ruby uses "blocks", which are first-level objects that are considered a unit in a program. In fact, Ruby pushed the concept of OOP (object-oriented programming) to the limit-everything is an object, and even global variables are actually expressed in ObjectSpace objects. This feature makes Ruby powerful in the context of functional programming and using lambdas.
In addition to block and functional programming, Ruby also provides many other features, including fragmentation, hashable, and unhashable types, plus mutable strings.
The elegant nature of Ruby code has attracted the attention of many fans, but Ruby's "magic" -like features and flexibility also make it difficult for practitioners to find bugs.
Stability for innovationAlthough the performance of the language itself is important, the strength of the developer community is also critical. Fortunately, both Python and Ruby have large and active technology communities.
The Python community includes a large Linux and academic community, so it can provide a large number of use cases related to mathematics and science. This support brings stability and diversity to the community, and this growth will continue to escalate as Python expands in the field of web development.
The Ruby community is purely focused on web development and is more inclined to provide innovative results. But it must be acknowledged that too active innovation will destroy the old solutions, and it is not as high in diversity as Python.
In the realm of web development, Ruby has Rails and Python has Django. Both are powerful frameworks, so you can choose at will when developing web. Your final decision will depend on your level of experience and preferences.
But if you plan to focus on web application development, Ruby is more popular and flexible. With a strong technical community, Ruby will always be at the forefront of development.
If you want to build web applications and learn a more universal language, then Python is obviously better. You'll have a more diverse community and get help and support from practitioners in multiple industries.